Bihar's economy is predominantly dependent on agriculture, which provides employment to more than half of the state's workforce, surpassing the national average. The rural population makes up the majority of Bihar's inhabitants, and most landholdings are small and marginal. Despite this, farming households have an average income lower than the national average, making it difficult for them to make ends meet. Bihar's three distinct agro-climatic zones present ample opportunities for agricultural diversification. However, recurrent floods and droughts caused by climate change have made it unpredictable and challenging for smallholder farmers to sustain their livelihoods.
The establishment of an enabling ecosystem in Central & Eastern India is crucial for promoting climate-resilient livelihoods. Achieving this requires collaboration among various stakeholders, such as the government, civil society organizations, the private sector, and local communities. This ecosystem should facilitate the development and implementation of climate adaptation strategies that enhance the resilience of livelihoods to the impacts of climate change.Therefore, this session will concentrate on the roles of different organizations in creating an enabling ecosystem for Central and Eastern India to achieve climate-resilient livelihoods.
By safeguarding and enhancing the natural services that shield communities from the adverse effects of climate change and provide them with resources to cope with shocks, the main goal is to to address its development priorities while also bolstering its local capacity to adapt to climate change. The various adaptation strategies by governmental, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), Ashoka fellows, and other entities may present valuable learning opportunities for a better visioned India.
Promoting climate-resilient livelihoods can be achieved by scaling up successful climate change adaptation efforts. This session will explore different opportunities for scaling up adaptation actions and corresponding approaches. This includes the discussion of strategies for replicating and expanding effective adaptation initiatives, identifying potential partnerships, leveraging funding opportunities, and ensuring the involvement of local communities in the decision-making process. By identifying and building upon successful adaptation efforts, we can establish a solid foundation for promoting climate resilience in livelihoods.